So many banks in America were closing all over the country. Peoples heard about this and afraid they would lose their own savings people rush in to bank that were open to withdraw their money. The massive withdrawal of cash would caused additional banks to close, because the bank have close those who didn't reach the bank in time when broke or bankruptcy. Industry and many businesses were also affected. So because of losing much of their moneys in either bank close or stock market crash many of businesses started cutting back their employee hours or wages, consumers began to cut down on their spending, and purchasing such as luxury goods.
This lack of consumer spending caused additional to many businesses to cut back more or the employee, wages, and more lay off the workers. Some businesses couldn't even stay open with all those lay off and cutting down wages, soon they closed their doors, leaving millions out of unemployed. Farmers were a bit safer from the effects of the great depression because they could at least feed them self with their product.
But unfortunately during the great depression, and the great plains hit hard with both a drought and horrendous dust storms. With just topsoil exposed only, and high winds picked up a lot of loose dirt and whirled it for miles. The dust storms destroyed everything in their paths and take all the farmers crops leaving them without their crops. The smaller farmers you were the unluckier you are. Small farmer were hit especially hard. Even before the dust storms hit, the invention of the tractor drastically cut the need for manpower on farms.
A lot of small farmers were usually already in debt, borrowing money to buy seed and paying back when their crops come in. Bank would foreclose peoples out of their homes, and many of them become homeless and unemployed. Many of the people that rode the rails were teenagers, but there are some are family, and mans.
They would get on cargo trains and crisscross the state. This surplus made the price of crops drop and many farmers had too much food than they knew what to do with.
But getting away from the industrial failures of the U. Millions of Americans suffered as a result of the happenings. Many people died simply from malnutrition and disease. Thousands of homes were lost due to the lacking ability to make mortgage payments. Nearly 25, families and , people were left to wander around the country in a search for survival.
Welfare agencies opened up and religious missions tried to offer as much support as possible to the homeless masses. Once successful people were lowered to stealing food or eating scrapes out of the garbage cans. Another problem arose when farmers decided to not ship their goods to markets in hopes of a rise in prices. This backfired and put the country into more trouble because now food was even harder to obtain. These elements of nature wiped out thousands of farming families.
The sad reality was that the plantations became crowded quickly and work was no longer needed. Many families spent months traveling from the mid-West to arrive in California to find no work. Back in Washington, Hoover had ideas of his own. He believed that if business was left alone then it would work itself out if not interfered with. Hoover stated that local governments should give to the needy in hopes of helping them get back on their feet. This caused problems in the government.
The RFC was able to provide some relief to by lending money to the necessary things that were needed to break the nation of the depression. The RFC lent money to banks, railroads, and other large industrial powers. Franklin Roosevelt believed it was the governments job to fight the depression. It provided relief for the needy, it provided jobs and encouraged business, and it reformed business so that such a depression would not occur again.
These agencies provided rules and regulations for business and industry, helped regulate farm production, and tried to improve a variety of other things. The government also tried to stimulate big spending by businesses by spending large sums of money itself.
This proved to be affective because money began to circulate again. Trade was increased by lowering tariffs on some imports. Seeking strength in unity, they formed unions. Automobile workers organized the U. United Automobile Workers of America in General Motors would not recognize the U. Hearing rumors that G. The sit-down was an effective way to strike.
When workers walked off the job and picketed a plant, management could bring in new workers to break the strike. If the workers stayed in the plant, management could not replace them with other workers. Source Strikers guarding window entrance to Fisher body plant number three.
Source Toward Los Angeles, California. Lost them through foreclosure when cotton prices fell after the war. Became tenants and sharecroppers. With the drought and dust they came West, Never before left the county where they were born. Now although in California over a year they haven't been continuously resident in any single county long enough to become a legal resident. Source Drought refugees near Holtville, California.
Source Lincoln Brigade Ambulance Corps. The Spanish Civil War was the great international cause of the s. Aided by Hitler and Mussolini, the Spansih military led a revolt against the progressive elected government. About 3, Americans volunteered to fight on behlaf of the Spanish Republic. Tattered communities of the homeless coalesced in and around every major city in the country. Source Squatter makes coffee in kitchen at his home in abandoned warehouse, Caruthersville, Missouri.
Source Members of the picket line at King Farm strike. In contrast to a frequently racist society, several unions were militantly integrationist. Source Power farming displaces tenants. House was built of scrap material in vacant lot in Mexican section of San Antonio, Texas.
Source Mexican woman arranging things in her shack home. Source Relief line waiting for commodities, San Antonio, Texas. Source Man in hobo jungle killing turtle to make soup, Minneapolis, Minnesota.
Source Selling apples, Jacksonville, Texas. Many tried apple-selling to avoid the shame of panhandling. In New York City, there were over 5, apple sellers on the street. Source Young boys waiting in kitchen of city mission for soup which is given out nightly. For millions, soup kitchens offered the only food they would eat. Source Durham, North Carolina, May Source Yabucoa, Puerto Rico. Strikers near the sugar mill. In the mill village at the sugar mill.
Bud Fields and his family. Squatter's Camp, Route 70, Arkansas, October, Philipinos cutting lettuce, Salinas, California, Roadside stand near Birmingham, Alabama, Farmer and sons, dust storm, Cimarron County, Oklahoma, Migrant pea pickers camp in the rain.
In one of the largest pea camps in California. The photograph that has become known as "Migrant Mother" is one of a series of photographs that Dorothea Lange made in February or March of in Nipomo, California.
Dorothea Lange's "Migrant Mother," destitute in a pea picker's camp, because of the failure of the early pea crop.
- Great Depression The Great Depression and the New Deal In response to the Stock Market Crash of and the Great Depression, Franklin D. Roosevelt was ready for .
The great depression is an immense tragedy that took millions of people in the United States from work. It marked the beginning of involvement from the government to the .
The Great Depression was the worst and longest economic downturn in the history of the world economy. The Depression began in and lasted until This economic meltdown affected Western industrialized economies but its effects spread across other nations. Great depression means people live on the street, peoples out of work, getting fire, and many peoples have nothing to eat. During the great depression many peoples out of work all over unite start, many unemployed peoples get on the road, travel from town to town, city to city, state to state, hoping that they will find work and feed their family, baby, or even just to feed them francesa.gas: 9.
Essay: The Great Depression “The Great Depression of the ’s was a worldwide phenomenon composed an infinite number of separate but related events.” The Great Depression was a time of poverty and despair caused by many different events. The Great Depression and the New Deal Essay - Great Depression The Great Depression and the New Deal In response to the Stock Market Crash of and the Great Depression, Franklin D. Roosevelt was ready for action unlike the previous President, Hubert Hoover.