Definition of determinism 1 philosophy. Zhang, a charismatic entrepreneur, conveyed a curious admixture of economic determinism and capitalism that paired well with the communist and Chinese flags that flanked his desk. The brothers were presented to the public, and, indeed, at times, presented themselves, as a striking argument for biological determinism , a victory for those who believe in the primacy of nature over the push back of nurture. More recently, a group of psychologists published a paper claiming that nominative determinism actually works.
Technological determinism is perhaps the great intellectual temptation of our decade—try not to fall for it. The work argues for collaborative social practices, while needling technological determinism. Those on the Marxist left and the free-market right may imagine themselves to be ideological enemies, and yet both camps place their faith in an economic determinism that diminishes human complexity.
As a philosophical question, free will and its antithesis, determinism , enlist psychology, biology, environment, and ethics. Origin and Etymology of determinism see determine. Other Psychology Terms fetish , hypochondria , intelligence , mania , narcissism , neurosis , pathological , psychosis , schadenfreude , subliminal.
Definition of determinism for English Language Learners. Learn More about determinism See words that rhyme with determinism Britannica English: Seen and Heard What made you want to look up determinism? Need even more definitions? Get Word of the Day daily email! Ionian mode rococo a cappella balladry. Ask the Editors Ghost Word The story of an imaginary word that managed to sneak past our editors and enter the dictionary.
Behind the Scenes How we chose 'feminism' Literally How to use a word that literally drives some people nuts. Is Singular 'They' a Better Choice? There remains the question as to whether Heisenberg's principle is merely an unfortunate limitation on an experimenter's ability to know or whether it goes deeper. The general opinion of physicists is that of N. Therefore Laplace's Omniscient Calculator cannot predict the future.
See Quantum mechanics , Uncertainty principle. Perceptive mathematicians have warned that determinism is not as obvious a consequence of newtonian physics as it might appear. A series of mathematical results have been proven whose general effect is that for the vast majority of dynamical systems any error in the initial conditions, however small, will be amplified, in general exponentially, and so quickly that the predicted result will soon bear no relation to reality.
Thus unless it is assumed that initial conditions are known with perfect accuracy, and perfectly accurate computation takes place thereafter, the Omniscient Calculator will wind up getting everything wrong.
Very few people now think that all events in the natural world are exactly determined. Experiments suggest that some human and animal behavior can reliably be predicted and controlled, but nobody knows the limits within which this can be done.
The central nucleus of determinism is the thesis of the existence of causality, that is, a relationship of phenomena such that one phenomena, the cause, necessarily gives rise to or produces, under definite conditions, a second phenomenon, the effect. Contemporary determinism posits the existence of various objectively existing forms of interdependence of phenomena, many of which manifest themselves in correlations that have no directly causal nature; they do not contain the moment of production of one by the other.
Among these are spatial and temporal correlations, functional dependencies, and relations of symmetry. Very important for contemporary science are probability correlations, formulated in the language of statistical distributions and statistical laws.
However, all forms of real interrelations of phenomena arise on the basis of a universally acting causality, outside of which no phenomena of reality exist, even those events the so-called accidental that, in their totality, are governed by statistical laws. The principal shortcoming of former, pre-Marxist, determinism lay in its restriction of the concept to one directly acting causality, interpreted, in addition, in a purely mechanistic fashion; this theory rejected the objective nature of chance and excluded probability from the concept of determinism, opposing in principle statistical relations to the materialist determination of phenomena.
Since it was linked with the metaphysical materialism, the former determinism could not be applied consistently in many important areas of the sciences of nature, particularly biology, and was powerless to explain social life and the phenomena of consciousness.
The effective application of the ideas of determinism in this field was made possible by dialectical and historical materialism. The nucleus of the Marxist conception of social determinism is the recognition of the lawlike regularity of social life. This does not mean, however, that the course of history is predetermined and is realized with an iron necessity. In social life various possibilities constantly arise, their realization depends on conscious activity of men. Determinism stands in opposition to indeterminism, which denies causality in general, or at least its universality.
However, the dialectical-materialist interpretation of the interrelation between chance and necessity and of the categories of causality and law, and the development of quantum mechanics, which revealed new forms of an objective causal interdependence among phenomena on the subatomic level, demonstrated the unfoundedness of attempts to use the existence of probabilistic processes on the subatomic level for the refutation of determinism. The principle of determinism serves as the leading principle in all fields of scientific knowledge and is an effective instrument for the attainment of the truth.
Determinism Article about determinism by The Free Dictionary https: Technological determinism , Environmental determinism. Applied to ethics and psychology, determinism usually involves a denial of free will free will, in philosophy, the doctrine that an individual, regardless of forces external to him, can and does choose at least some of his actions.
The existence of free will is challenged by determinism. Click the link for more information. Thomas Hobbes, identifying the will with appetites and defining freedom as the absence of impediments, concluded that free will exists where nothing prevents a person from satisfying his prevailing appetite. David Hume argued that a person's willful conduct counts as freely chosen even though his will has itself been determined by his motives.
William James called such attempts to fit notions of free will into determinist systems "soft" determinism; "hard" determinism excludes the possibility of free will altogether. The doctrine of determinism is opposed by the principle of emergence, which states that truly novel and unpredictable events may occur out of the composite forces of nature.
Determinism The principle that nature follows exact laws, so that what will happen in the future is a necessary consequence of the state of the world at any given moment in the past.
The brothers were presented to the public, and, indeed, at times, presented themselves, as a striking argument for biological determinism, a victory for those who believe in the primacy of nature over the push back of nurture. — justin chang, francesa.ga, "'Three Identical Strangers' is a riveting account of identical triplets separated at birth," 28 June
Good innocent creature, worthy wife, excellent mother (of the strict governess type), she was as guileless of consequences as any determinist philosopher ever was.
Determinism: Determinism, in philosophy, theory that all events, including moral choices, are completely determined by previously existing causes. Determinism is usually understood to preclude free will because it entails that humans cannot act otherwise than they do. The theory holds that the universe is. Determinist definition, the doctrine that all facts and events exemplify natural laws. See more.
1. the doctrine that all f acts and events result from the operation of natural laws. 2. the doctrine that all events, including human choices and decisions, are necessarily determined by motives, which are regarded as external forces acting on the will. Also called francesa.ga fatalism. — determinist, n. — deterministic, adj. determinism, philosophical thesis that every event is the inevitable result of antecedent causes. Applied to ethics and psychology, determinism usually involves a denial of free w.