Here are some selections, along with my comments. There are many potential threats to our democracy and our values. I have yet to see any coherent explanation of why that is the case. Misinformation has been a common feature of our democracy for a long time. Arguably, more invasive than obviously false information is the relentless targeting of hyper-partisan views, which play to the fears and prejudices of people, in order to influence their voting plans and their behaviour.
Psychographic profiling was used to micro-target adverts at voters across five distinct personality groups. Again, they used behavioural micro-targeting to support their campaign messages ahead of the mid-term elections that year.
SCL would later claim that the 1. The instances of pernicious micro-targeting are of course on the right, but this is done by all sides and has been for a long time, e. Why is such micro-targeting effective? Because it delivers information on the particular issues a given voter cares most about. Why, exactly, does that call for new regulations? Indeed, it is common for publishers to pay for their content to be posted so that they can reach a wider audience, due to the fact that Facebook, for example, does not recognise or seek to categorise good journalism or news over other material.
We recommend that the Government uses the rules given to Ofcom under the Communications Act to set and enforce content standards for television and radio broadcasters, including rules relating to accuracy and impartiality, as a basis for setting standards for online content. We plan to comment on these in our further Report. Algorithms are being used to help address the challenges of misinformation.
We heard evidence from Professor Kalina Bontcheva, who conceived and led the Pheme research project, which aims to create a system to automatically verify online rumours and thereby allow journalists, governments and others to check the veracity of stories on social media. Algorithms are also being developed to help to identify fake news.
The fact-checking organisation, Full Fact, received funding from Google to develop an automated fact-checking tool for journalists. Facebook and Google have also altered their algorithms so that content identified as misinformation ranks lower. If you are interested in the field of speech pathology, you can get your feet wet by acquiring a certificate and working as an assistant. If your experience tells you that you are suitable for a speech pathology career, you can enroll in a graduate degree program and earn a certification to become a certified speech pathologist.
What degrees are available in speech pathology? If you plan on enrolling in a speech pathology degree program, you are likely to come across topics such as speech disorders, impairments in communications, and fluency problems. Speech pathology programs are not only based on classroom instruction. So, it is likely that you will be required to complete fieldwork in order to graduate from a speech pathology degree.
Admission requirements for a speech pathology program vary according to degree level. You will learn about the normal and abnormal processes of hearing and language development. The focus of the degree is on topics such as speech, communication, and language. As a student, you will not just learn about the disabilities, but also effective ways to treat different speech disorders.
As an undergraduate student you will first complete general education courses and then you will move on to core courses in speech pathology. You may also be given a choice to study electives of your interest and you may increase your skill in certain areas through internships. You will have an insight into areas such as ethics, human development, therapeutic management, and research. You also need to take a written speech pathology exam to work as a speech pathologist.
For the certification, to working hours will be required from you to work with students with speech impairment. You will also need a certified speech therapist to supervise you while you complete your working hours with speech impaired students.
A number of online schools are offering degrees in speech pathology. Online degree can be a good option for those who cannot take out time for an on-campus program due to their job or other responsibilities.
Besides, online programs may be less costly, as students may be able to save on travelling and boarding costs.
Many online programs do not even require textbooks, as most of the study material is available online. There are a number of benefits associated with online degrees, but you need to keep in mind certain things before committing yourself to an online degree program. You need to make sure your degree program is accredited from a recognized accrediting agency. It is also good to assess yourself whether you learn better through face-to-face interaction or with online tutorials.
Plus, you cannot assume that accredited online programs will be easier, because they are quite challenging and follow a similar curriculum as that of an on-campus degree. A bit of homework before selecting an online program can help you make the right decision. The employment of speech pathologists is likely to grow at 19 percent between and This is much faster than the average growth of all occupations. There is a wide set of courses offered by different universities but on the whole, the subject matter revolves around human development, audiology, linguistics, American sign language, office management, linguistics and voice and diction.
The curriculum is divided into three parts with a general education coursework component, professional coursework and a clinical practicum. A PhD in speech pathology is the highest level of degree you get in this field. The program can take around years to complete.
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